Mortgage Market News:
Standard Bank Home loans
Standard Bank’s property book for the first eight months of 2009 showed an average monthly decline of 3.9% in the median house price. More disconcerting is the fact that monthly declines have been reported in 15 consecutive months and that there is no sign yet that the bottom has been reached.
The August smoothed data yielded a rate of contraction of 5.2% y/y - the deepest decline yet in the current downward phase of the house price cycle - compared to -1.1% y/y in August 2008. In real terms, using our estimate of the CPI in August to deflate nominal house prices, the decline in real house prices comes to approximately 11.5%. The smoothed growth rate for August shows that the value of the median residential properties financed by Standard Bank was R521 000.
Important drivers of overall growth in the economy, such as the level of household income and debt, as well as the medium-term economic and financial outlook, are such that a quick turnaround in the housing market is unlikely. The best that we can hope for is for price declines to stabilise towards the end of the year as the recent interest rate cuts work their way through the economy and overall consumer and business sentiment improves.
The potent mix of industry-wide loan-to-value restrictions, negative income growth and concerns about job security will without doubt weigh on the property market. Furthermore, in the short-term, any easing in credit granting criteria will be mild, as upside risks regarding uncertainty in job security and income growth continue.
An uncertain macroeconomic backdrop. According to the World Bank the global economy is expected to contract by 2.9% in 2009, placing further strain on the South African economic outlook. Consensus seems to suggest that, at best, only the second half of next year may see a meaningful improvement in global conditions.
GDP contracted by 3.0% q/q seasonally adjusted and annualised in Q2 from -6.4% q/q in the first quarter. From an annual perspective, the quarterly contraction sets the economy back by 2.8% y/y in Q2, more than twice weaker than the -1.2% y/y in Q1. For the first half of the year, the economy declined by 2% y/y, increasing the downside risks on our forecasts of -1.3% y/y for 2009.
Notwithstanding the generally poor economic growth, we are of the opinion that the domestic recession is reaching an advanced phase, albeit lagging the global cycle. Clearly, the full impact of the recent monetary policy relaxation will start to emerge in the first half of next year.
This by no means suggests that a rapid upturn is on the cards – the recovery is likely to be slow and protracted. Employment losses will continue to increase as cost rationalisation remains the order of the day, but the pace of such declines is expected to slow in coming quarters. However, the intensity of the slowdown should remain concentrated in interest rate-sensitive sectors of the economy in the interim. Vitally, though, the current stage of household debt deleveraging is an important precursor to a recovery in demand. Indeed, household credit fell by R1.5bn (non-seasonally adjusted) when compared to Q1, which marked the first contraction since 2002 Q3.
This compares meagrely with an average quarterly increase in credit of R19.7bn since 2000. However, a more severe retraction in corporate credit occurred in Q2, as total private sector credit (excluding households) fell by a whopping R21.5bn relative to Q1.
These trends are not entirely ascribed to tight credit conditions, but confirm that uncertainty and a loss in debt appetite have taken their toll. With the pace of credit impairments likely to start moderating in the second half of the year, we anticipate the weakness in the broader financial sector to disperse.
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